The National Security Guard
) is a Special Response Unit
that has primarily been utilized for counter-terrorism
activities and was created by the Cabinet Secretariat under the National Security Guard Act
of the Indian Parliament
in 1986. It works completely within the Central Paramilitary Force
The NSG operates under the oversight of the Ministry of Home Affairs
and is headed by the Director General of the Indian Police Service
(IPS). The DG has always been an IPS
officer whereas the recruitment is done from the Central Paramilitary Forces Of India
and the Indian Armed Forces
The NSG members are also known as Black Cats
because of the black drill cotton coveralls and balaclavas
or helmets they wear.
The NSG's roles include protecting VIPs
, conducting anti-sabotage checks, rescuing hostages, neutralizing terrorist threats to vital installations, engaging terrorists and responding to hijacking and piracy.
The NSG is much sought after for VVIP security for high-risk VVIPs in India, more as a status symbol by the policitians; this task is done by the Special Rangers group(SRG)
of the NSG. The Special Action Group
is the strike force in anti-terrorist and anti-hijack operations, supported by the SRG
The NSG's specific goals include:
- Neutralization of terrorist threats
- Handling hijacking situations in air and on land.
- Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralisation of IEDs).