The National Tiger Conservation Authority
was established in December 2005 following a recommendation of the Tiger Task Force, constituted by the Prime Minister of India
for reorganized management of Project Tiger
. and the many Tiger Reserves in India
In June 2007, a detailed survey by the Wildlife Institute of India
(WII), which used accurate camera traps for counting tigers
rather than the more traditional method of counting footprints (pugmarks
), reported that previous estimates of tiger numbers in India may be hugely optimistic. The landmark report, Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India
, published by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, estimates only 1411 adult tigers in existence in India (plus uncensused tigers in the Sundarbans).
For example, in the 16 reserves of Madhya Pradesh
there may be only 490 tiger
– a 60% reduction from the 1,233 tigers previously estimated for these areas in 2002. Indeed, the same 2002 survey had claimed that in total, India had 3,500 tigers, whilst the new survey claims that just 1,400 remain.
Although India does have good laws governing tiger conservation, there is frustration amongst those working in tiger conservation that these laws are not being adequately implemented. However, initiatives such as Born Free’s community and education work in India are... Read More