The National Union of Mine and Metal Workers of the Mexican Republic
(, or SNTMMSRM) is a union
and copper miners
, as well as iron
workers, in Mexico
. It was founded in 1934, and in 1936 it became an affiliate of the newly formed Confederation of Mexican Workers
The SNTMMSRM's leaders were initially staunch allies of Vicente Lombardo Toledano
, the head of the CTM. In 1949, when Lombardo Toledano left the CTM to form the rival General Union of Workers and Campesinos
(UGOCM) and the Popular Party
, the SNTMMSRM joined these new organizations. The unions of railroad workers
(STFRM) and oil workers
(STPRM) also supported Lombardo Toledano.
The ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party
(PRI) and the CTM saw Lombardo Toledano and these unions as a threat, and in the 1950 the government installed charros
(corrupt labor bosses) in the leadership of the SNTMMSRM. The most important of these charros was Napoleón Gómez Sada
, who was the president of the SNTMMSRM for decades until he was replaced by his son in 2001.
The pro-government SNTMMSRM leaders faced little opposition from the miners' locals (except for Local 65 in Cananea
). However, a strong reform campaign was initiated in the 1970s and 1980s by steelworkers' locals.
The current leader of the SNTMMSRM is Napoleón Gómez Urrutia, son of the long-time union president. Gómez Urrutia is today living in exile in Canada, where he fled after being accused of fraud by Mexican authorities. Deemed innocent... Read More