Naupactus

Naupactus

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Naupactus

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Description:
Naupactus or Nafpaktos (, rarely Έπαχτος; or Naupactos; ), is a town and a former municipality in Aetolia-Acarnania, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Nafpaktia, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. It is the second largest town of Aetolia-Acarnania (after Agrinio), situated on a bay on the north side of the straits of Lepanto.

The harbour, one of the most scenic on the northern coast of the Corinthian Gulf, is accessible only to the smallest craft.

The origin of Naupactus comes from the Greek words ναύς naus ship, boat and πηγνύειν pêgnuein, pêgnyein to fasten together, build.

The distance from Patras is about 15 km (NE) and from Athens about 215 km (NW), through the Rio-Antirio bridge. The town is located WSW of Amfissa, W of Itea and Delphi, NE of Antirio and GR-5/E55, E of Messolonghi and SE of Agrinio.

The Mornos river is a few kilometres ENE which is also the prefectural boundary with Phokida. Naupactus is an episcopal see.

History



In Greek legend it appears as the place where the Heraclidae built a fleet to invade the Peloponnesus. Whatever the historical validity of this legend, it - together with the above-mentioned meaning of its name - indicates a long-standing reputation as a major shipbuilding place.



In historical times it belonged to the Ozolian Locrians; but about 455 BC, in spite of a...
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