During the German occupation of Norway in World War II
the civilian occupying authorities with the Quisling
regime and the German Wehrmacht
operated a number of camps in Norway. The occupancy of these camps varied throughout the war, but after the fall of 1944 they filled up, as transportation of prisoners to Germany slowed down.
The Wehrmacht camps were largely POW
camps and were scattered throughout the country. Some of these had extremely high mortality rates, owing to inhumane conditions and brutality.
Both established and improvised jails and prisons throughout the country were also used for internment by the Nazi authorities. In particular the Sicherheitspolizei
headquarters in Victoria Terrasse
were notorious for torture
and abuse of prisoners. Also, Arkivet
and Bandeklosteret in Trondheim
became synonymous with torture and abuse.
The designated concentration camps were not classified as "KZ-Lager" by the Nazis, but rather as ”Häftingslager” under the administration of the Nazi "security police," the SS
. Indeed, the Nazi authorities deported over 700 Jews from Norway to Auschwitz
, over 500 Nacht und Nebel
prisoners to Natzweiler
; and thousands more to Sachsenhausen
and other prisons and camps in Germany. Most of these stayed in Norwegian camps during transit.
Although abuse, torture, and murder were commonplace in these camps, none of them was designated or functioned as... Read More