NBR C Class

NBR C Class

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NBR C Class

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The NBR C Class (LNER Class J36) is a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotive designed by Matthew Holmes for freight work on the North British Railway. They were introduced in 1888 and had inside cylinders and Stephenson valve gear.

168 locomotives were built of which 123 came into British Railways ownership at nationalisation in 1948. This was the last class of steam engine in service in Scotland


After the introduction of the Drummond Class C (LNER Class J32) 18-inch (cylinder diameter) 0-6-0s, essentially for the Waverley Route in 1876, the NBR reverted to the 17-inch design with the Drummond Class D (J34) in 1879 and the Holmes Class D (J33) in 1883. With the opening of the second Tay Bridge in July 1887 and the upcoming opening of the Forth Bridge in March 1890 the NBR needed more powerful goods locos. The result was the Holmes Class C (J36). Introduced in 1888 it was built in regular batches until 1900, eventually totalling 168 locos. 138 were built at the NBR's Cowlairs Works while the other 30 were split equally between Neilson and Company and Sharp, Stewart and Company.

As built they had a saturated (non-superheated) boiler at ( for the last 24) and Stephenson valve gear with slide valves.

From 1913 until 1923 the class was rebuilt with bigger boilers set at 165 psi and the Reid side-window cab.

During the First World War 25 of the class were sent to France for service with the Railway Operating Division. On return to Scotland they were given...
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