- Turkey also has a mountain called Nemrut
'Nemrut (, , "Mountain spring", , ) is a dormant volcano in Eastern Turkey, close to Lake Van, at .The volcano is named after King Nimrod who is said to have ruled this area in about 2100 BC.
Mt. Nemrut is near Tatvan
, a small town in the eastern Anatolian
province of Bitlis
. The mountain rises from the southwestern shore of Lake Van
, and enters the district of Ahlat
to the north.
It is high and its elliptic caldera
has a diameter of about . The western part of the caldera contains a large coldwater crater lake
about deep. There is also a small warm lake whose temperature reaches , providing evidence of continuing volcanic activity.
Geological history and eruptions
Mt. Nemrut is the most southern and youngest of the chain of volcanoes in eastern Anatolia
. It is a stratovolcano
, and began erupting during the fourth geological era and continued to be active until 1597 A.D. As a result of the volcanic eruptions of Mt. Nemrut, the single Van
river basin was divided into two separate basins. The eruption of Nemrut volcano also led the formation of Lake Van, the largest lake in Turkey.
Visiting and climbing Mt. Nemrut
The city of Tatvan
lies to the southeast of Mt. Nemrut and is a good starting point from which to climb the volcano. One can reach... Read More