Nene Hatun

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Nene Hatun, aka Nenehatun, (1857 – 22 May 1955) was a Turkish folk heroine, who at her age of twenty showed bravery during the recapture of Fort Aziziye in Erzurum from Russian forces at the start of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878.

This war is known in Turkish historiography as "The war of '93" () to refer the year 1293 AH in Rumi calendar. She had been living in a neighborhood of Erzurum called Aziziye that was close to an important fortification defending the city. On the night of 7 November 1877, Fort Aziziye was attacked by the Russian army, which captured it on the evening of 9 November with the help of Turkish speaking local Armenian gangs, killing all Turkish guards. Nene Hatun's brother Hasan who was heavily wounded and came back from war one day ago had just died that evening. In the morning when the news of Russian invasion of Aziziye was heard, she kissed her dead brother's head and taking an oath to avenge his death, left her three-month old baby girl and a few years older son at home, she joined the attack against Aziziye with her dead brother's rifle and her hatchet. The counter-attack was launched by Turkish civilians who were mostly women and elderly men armed with axes and farming equipments. Hundreds of Turkish civilians were killed by Russian gunfire but their numbers were so overwhelming they managed to enter the fortifications breaking down its iron doors. A hand-to-hand fight ended with around 2000 Russian soldiers being killed and rest...
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