was an architectural style
produced by the neoclassical movement
that began in the mid-18th century, manifested both in its details as a reaction against the Rococo
style of naturalistic ornament, and in its architectural formulas as an outgrowth of some classicizing features of Late Baroque
. In its purest form it is a style principally derived from the architecture of Classical Greece
and the architecture of Italian Andrea Palladio
. In form, Neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro
and maintains separate identities to each of its parts.
, whose first book (1922) had the suggestive title Late Baroque and Romantic Classicism
, asserted later,In Space, Time and Architecture
(1961 ed.) p 2. "The Louis XVI style formed in shape and structure the end of late baroque tendencies, with classicism serving as its framework." In the sense that neoclassicism in architecture is evocative and picturesque, a recreation of a distant, lost world, it is, as Giedion suggests, framed within the Romantic sensibility
Intellectually Neoclassicism was symptomatic of a desire to return to the perceived "purity" of the arts of Rome
, to the more vague perception ("ideal") of Ancient Greek
arts and, to a lesser extent, 16th-century Renaissance Classicism
, which was also a source for academic Late Baroque architecture.
Many early 19th-century neoclassical architects were... Read More