Nevado de Toluca

Nevado De Toluca

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Nevado de Toluca

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Nevado de Toluca is a large stratovolcano in central Mexico, located about west of Mexico City near the city of Toluca. It is generally cited as the fourth highest of Mexico's peaks, after Pico de Orizaba, Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, although by some measurements, Sierra Negra is slightly higher. It is often called by the Nahuatl name , which is usually translated as “The Naked Lord” (“” in Spanish) although other etymologies have been suggested such as “Lord of the Cornstalks” ( 'cornstalks' + 'lord of').

The volcano has a wide summit caldera which is open to the west. The highest summit, Pico del Fraile (Friar's Peak), is on the south side of the crater and the second highest, Pico del Aguila (Eagle's Peak), is on the north. There are two crater lakes on the floor of the basin at about , the larger Lago del Sol (Sun Lake) and the smaller, but deeper, Lago de la Luna (Moon Lake). A road runs into the caldera to the lakes, making this perhaps the most accessible major Mexican peak.

The last major eruption of Nevado de Toluca occurred in 10.5 ka BP, as the volcano erupted a total estimated volume of 14&nbsp;km<sup>3</sup> for a VEI strength of 6 (comparable to the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo). The eruption emplaced of pebble-sized pumice in the City of Toluca region and ~ of medium to fine sand in the Mexico City region. Distal lahar deposits derived from the Upper Toluca Pumice event incorporated mammoth bones and other mammals in the...
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