- For different uses of the term, including political parties with the name "New Democracy", see New Democracy .
or the New Democratic Revolution
is a Maoist
concept based on Mao Zedong
's "Bloc of Four Social Classes"
theory during post-revolutionary China
which argues that democracy in China
will take a decisively distinct path from either the liberal capitalist
and/or parliamentary democratic
systems in the western world
, or Soviet-style
communism in Eastern Europe
and similar states.
The New Democracy concept still aims to overthrow feudalism
and/or achieve a country's national independence from colonialism
, but it bypasses the rule of the capitalist class that Marx
predicted would usually follow such a struggle, claiming instead to seek to enter directly into socialism
through a coalition
of classes fighting the old ruling order. The coalition is subsumed under the leadership and guidance of the working class and its communist party
, working with the communists irrespective of their competing ideologies, in order to achieve the more immediate goal of a "new democratic order" that the Chinese communists of course hoped would then lead to full-blown socialism
, in spite of the competing class interests
of the social classes of the "bloc".
The bloc of classes reflecting the principles of New Democracy is symbolized most readily by the stars on the Flag of China
, with the largest star to symbolize the... Read More