The New York City Civil Court
is a court hearing civil cases within New York City
. By volume, it is the largest civil jurisdiction court in the United States, and handles about 25% of the total filings of the entire New York state court system.
The court's jurisdiction includes civil actions for damages arising within the five counties of New York City involving claims of up to $25,000, as well as residential and commercial landlord-tenant
disputes. The court also hears certain cases transferred from the New York State Supreme Court
. Small claims
cases (up to $5,000) also fall within the court's jurisdiction. Generally speaking, the court does not have any equitable jurisdiction
, but can award money damages or possession of property only.
The Civil Court was formed in 1962 in a consolidation of predecessor courts. There is a branch of the Civil Court in each of the five boroughs of New York City. In other parts of New York State, the role of the Civil Court is performed by various local courts.
Judges of the Civil Court are elected to 10-year terms in either borough-wide or district elections (the districts are a holdover from the old New York City municipal court system).
The Civil Court districts are parts... Read More