The New York Court of Appeals
is the highest court
in the U.S. state
of New York
. The Court of Appeals consists of seven judges: the Chief Judge
and six associate judges who are appointed by the Governor
to 14-year terms. The Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals is also the head of the State's court system's administration, and is thus also known as the Chief Judge of the State of New York. The present Chief Judge is Jonathan Lippman
. The 1842 Neoclassical courthouse
is located in New York's capital, Albany
New York, unlike most other U.S. states
, calls its trial
and intermediate appellate courts, the "Supreme Court
." New York's Supreme Court
is not the court of last resort
. This sometimes leads to confusion.
Another source of confusion is the title of the jurists who sit on these courts. In most states and the federal court system, members of the highest court are titled "Justices." In New York, the members of the Court of Appeals are titled "Judges," while those sitting on the bench of the State Supreme Court are titled "Justices."
The Court of Appeals was created by the New York State Constitution
of 1846 to replace both the Court for the Correction of Errors
and the Court of Chancery
, and had eight members. Four judges were elected by general ballot at the State elections, the other four were chosen annually from among the Supreme Court
justices. The first four judges elected at the special judicial state......