Count Nicodemus Tessin the Younger
(May 23, 1654 – April 10, 1728) was a Swedish Baroque architect
, city planner
, and administrator.
The son of Nicodemus Tessin the Elder
and the father of Carl Gustaf Tessin
, Tessin the Younger was the middle-most generation of the brief Tessin dynasty, which have had a lasting influence on Swedish architecture and history.
Tessin was born on May 23, 1654, as the only child of Nicodemus Tessin the Elder
, son of the mayor of Stralsund
, and Maria Svan, daughter of the mayor of Västerås
. He showed artistic talents at an early age and was given an education in Mathematics and language at Uppsala
, where he must have been influenced by Olaus Rudbeck
who was at the time highly engaged in the scientific basis of architecture and botany.
In 1673, 19 years old, he accompanied Marchese del Monte, the Emissary of Queen Christina
, to Italy and Rome, where the royal protection ensured he would get the best teachers available; leading architects of the era such as Carlo Fontana
and Gian Lorenzo Bernini
. These architects, together with the compulsory study of classical monuments, made a lasting impression on Tessin. Upon his return to Sweden after four years, the Swedish king immediately sent him on a second trip which would last 1677-78 and take him to England and France were prominent architects... Read More