The Niger Delta Development Commission
is a Federal Government agency
established by Nigerian
president, Olusegun Obasanjo
in the year 2000 with the sole mandate of developing the oil-rich Niger Delta
region of southern Nigeria
.In September 2008, President Umaru Yar'Adua
announced the formation of a Niger Delta Ministry
, with the Niger Delta Development Commission to become a parastatal under the ministry.
The NDDC was created largely as a response to the demands of the population of the Niger Delta, a populous area inhabited by a diversity of minority ethnic groups. During the 1990s these ethnic groups, most notably the Ijaw
and the Ogoni
established organisations to confront the Nigerian government and multinational oil companies such as Shell
. The minorities of the Niger Delta have continued to agitate and articulate demands for greater autonomy and control of the area's petroleum resources. They justify their grievances by reference to the extensive environmental degradation and pollution from oil activities that have occurred in the region since the late 1950s. However, the minority communities of oil producing areas have received little or no currency from the oil industry and environmental remediation measures are limited and negligible. The region is highly underdeveloped and is poor even by Nigeria's standards for quality of life.
Sometimes violent confrontation with the state and oil companies, as well as with other... Read More