is an island in the South Atlantic Ocean
, 3 km² in area, part of the Tristan da Cunha
group of islands. They are administered by the United Kingdom
as part of the overseas territory
of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Nightingale Island is part of the Nightingale Islands
, which also includes islets Middle Island
and Stoltenhoff Island
. All three are uninhabited, but are regularly visited for scientific purposes and research.
Nightingale has two peaks on its north end. One is high while the other is high. The rest of the island is ringed by cliffs. However, these cliffs are not nearly as high as those surrounding Nightingale's neighbour Inaccessible Island
, which is approximately 16 km away and has cliffs approximately 300m high. Thus human access is much easier on Nightingale than on Inaccessible.
Caves in Nightingale Island seem to indicate elevation.
The two nearby islets are called Stoltenhoff (99 m) and Middle (46 m).
Large amounts of kelp
surround the island, which makes it harder to anchor ships in bad weather.
Nightingale was discovered along with Tristan da Cunha
and Inaccessible Island
in 1506 by Tristão da Cunha
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch and French governments as well as the British East India Company
considered taking possession of Nightingale (as well as Tristan and Inaccessible), but declined due to lack of landing... Read More