Nitrosyl fluoride

Nitrosyl Fluoride

Nitrosyl fluoride

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Description:
Nitrosyl fluoride, NOF, is a covalently bonded nitrosyl compound.

Reactions

NOF is a highly reactive fluorinating agent that converts many metals to their fluorides, releasing nitric oxide:

n NOF + M → MF<sub>n</sub> + n NO


NOF also fluorinates fluorides to form adducts that have a salt-like character, such as NOBF<sub>4</sub>.

Aqueous solutions of NOF are powerful solvents for metals, by a mechanism similar to that seen in aqua regia. Nitrosyl fluoride reacts with water to form nitrous acid, which then forms nitric acid:

NOF + H<sub>2</sub>O → HNO<sub>2</sub> + HF


3 HNO<sub>2</sub> → HNO<sub>3</sub> + 2 NO + H<sub>2</sub>O


Nitrosyl fluoride can also convert alcohols to nitrites:

ROH + NOF → RONO + HF


Uses

Nitrosyl fluoride is used as a solvent and as a fluorinating and nitrating agent in organic synthesis. It is also used as an oxidizer in rocket propellants.

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