A Nominated Member of Parliament
) is a Member
of the Parliament
who is appointed instead of being elected into office by the people, and who does not belong to any political party
or represent any constituency
. There are currently nine NMPs in Parliament. The introduction of NMPs in September 1990, effected to bring more independent voices into Parliament, was an important modification of the traditional Westminster parliamentary system
that Singapore had.
NMPs are appointed by the President
for a term of two and a half years on the recommendation of a Special Select Committee
chaired by the Speaker of Parliament
. The Committee may nominate persons who have rendered distinguished public service or who have brought honour to Singapore, and also invites proposals of candidates from community groups in the fields of arts and letters, culture, the sciences, business, industry, the professions, social or community service, and the labour movement. In 2009, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
proposed in Parliament that the Committee should also invite nominations from the people sector such as candidates from the environmental movement, young activists, new citizens, and community and grassroots
leaders. In addition, the Committee must have regard to the need for NMPs to reflect as wide a range of independent and non-partisan
views as possible.
In Parliament, NMPs may participate in debates and may vote on all issues except amendments to the Constitution
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