The Norfolk and Western Railway
) , a US class I railroad
, was formed by more than 200 railroad mergers between 1838 and 1982. It had headquarters in Roanoke, Virginia
for most of its 150 year existence.
The company was famous for manufacturing steam locomotives
in-house at the Roanoke Shops
as well as their own hopper cars
. Around 1960, N&W was the last major American railroad to convert from steam to diesel motive power.
In the mid 20th century, N&W merged with long-time rival Virginian Railway
in the Pocahontas coal region and grew even more in size and profitability by mergers with other rail carriers including Nickel Plate Road
in adjacent areas to form a system serving 14 states and a Canadian
province between the Atlantic Ocean
and the Mississippi River
and Great Lakes
with more than of trackage.
In 1982, the Norfolk & Western Railway was combined with the Southern Railway
, another profitable carrier, to form the Norfolk Southern
Corporation (NS), but it continued paper operations until it was merged into the Southern (by this point renamed Norfolk Southern Railway) in 1997.
City Point, bridging the Dismal Swamp, William Mahone, Civil War
The history of the Norfolk and Western Railway began with the City Point Railroad
, a nine-mile (14 km) short line railroad
formed in 1838 to extend from City Point
, a port on the tidal James River
(now part of the independent City of Hopewell, Virginia
) to Petersburg, Virginia
, which was... Read More