The North British Railway
was a Scottish railway
company that was absorbed into the London and North Eastern Railway
at the Grouping
The North British Railway Company was established in 1844 and opened its first line, from Edinburgh
, with a branch to Haddington
, in 1846.
In 1865 it took over the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway
, the oldest in Scotland. Other amalgamations followed, altogether over 50 small lines being made part of the North British system, which ultimately totalled 2,739 miles.
The main line was from Aberdeen
to Edinburgh, whence it forked to Carlisle
and Berwick to meet the main English routes (the London and North Western Railway
(also the Midland Railway
) and the North Eastern Railway
was covered with a network of lines, and the pleasure resorts on the east and west coasts were also served. The company owned the Tay Bridge
and its services also used the Forth Bridge
, for whose construction it was responsible as part of the Route to the North
in the 19th century.
Although primarily a Scottish railway, the NBR also had an extensive branch network in northern Northumberland
, reaching to Hexham
, as well as the main line into Berwick. Its lines also reached into northern Cumberland
as far as Silloth
, Port Carlisle
, Gretna <!-- is there a Gretna... Read More