The Northern East West Freight Corridor
, usually referred to as the N.E.W. Corridor
, is a project organized by the International Union of Railways UIC
and Transportutvikling AS to connect the east coast of the United States
to East Asia
by train and ship.
The plan calls for two main routes. Both routes start from east coast ports of North America
such as Halifax Harbour
, then across the Atlantic Ocean
to the port of Narvik
, from there by rail, often called the Eurasian Land Bridge
, through Sweden
. From Russia there are two routes: either via the Trans-Siberian Railway
to Vostochny Port
, or though Kazakhstan
. From Ürümqi the route goes to Lanzhou
and possibly the port city Lianyungang
The project is financed for a test run through NEW Corridor AS, a company owned 65% by UIC
and 35% by a Norwegian county, Nordland
Transportutvikling claims in their report that this corridor will be an important alternative to the traditional shipping route from China to the U.S.A. The main reasons given are:
- Shorter route for some destinations. The route seems longer on a traditional map, but on a globe it is easy to see that it is shorter than alternatives through central Europe.
- Reduced transit time, because of faster land transport and shorter travel......