Northern Rhodesian African National Congress
was a political party
. It was formed in 1948, as the Northern Rhodesia Congress
(NRC), and Godwin Lewanika, a Barotseland
native from an aristocratic
background, became the first president.
"Northern Rhodesia", Northern-rhodesia.co.tv, 2011, web:
"Northern Rhodesia Congress", Britannica.com, 2011, web:
It was the first African political party in the country. NRC had its roots in the Federation of Welfare Societies
, during 1942-1946.
In 1951, the party adopted the name 'Northern Rhodesian African National Congress' under the presidency of Harry Nkumbula. It was linked to the African National Congress
in South Africa
. In 1953 Kenneth Kaunda
became the general secretary of the organization.
In 1958 the party was divided on whether to participate in the legislative elections, in which only a minority of the black population was allowed to vote. The more radical Kaunda broke away, and formed the Zambian African National Congress