Norwegian units of measurement

Norwegian Units Of Measurement

Norwegian units of measurement

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Description:
As in the case of the Danes the Norwegians' earliest standards of measure can be derived from their ship burials. The was built ca. 700 AD and differs from the Danish boats less than it does from the Oseberg, Gokstad and Tune ships which all date from ca. 800 AD. Thwarts are typically spaced about 3 feet apart.

In 1541, an alen in Denmark and Norway was defined by law to be the Sjælland alen. Subsequently, the alen was defined by law as 2 Rhine feet from 1683. From 1824, the basic unit was defined as a fot being derived from astronomy as the length of a one second pendulum times 12/38 at a latitude of 45°. The metric system was introduced in 1887.

Length

  • skrupel – scruple, 1/12 linje or approx. 0.18 mm.
  • linje – line, 1/12 tomme or approx. 2.18 mm
  • tomme – thumb (inch), 1/12 fot, approx. 26.1 mm. This unit was commonly used for measuring timber until the 1970s. Nowadays, the word refers invariably to the English inch, 25.4 mm.
  • kvarter – quarter, 1/4 alen.
  • fot – foot, 1/2 alen. From 1824, 313.74 mm.
  • alen – forearm or ell, 627.48 mm from 1824, 627.5 mm from 1683, 632.6 mm from 1541. Before that, local variants.
  • favn – fathom (pl. favner), 3 alen, 1.882 m.
  • stang – rod, 5 alen or 3.1374 m
  • lås – 15 favner, 28.2 m
  • fjerdingsvei – quarter mile, alt. fjerding, 1/4 mil, i.e. 2.82 km.
  • mil or landmil – Norwegian mile, spelled miil......
  • ...

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