Nova Scotia (Board of Censors) v. McNeil
, 2 S.C.R. 662 is a famous pre-Charter
decision from the Supreme Court of Canada
on freedom of expression
and the criminal law
power under the Constitution Act, 1867
. The film censorship
laws of the province of Nova Scotia
were challenged on the basis that it constituted criminal law which could only be legislated by the federal government. The Court held that though the censorship laws had a moral dimension to it, the laws did not have any prohibition or penalty required in a criminal law.
The Amusement Regulation Board of Nova Scotia, created under the Theatre and Amusement Act
, banned the film Last Tango in Paris
from being shown in the province. McNeil, a journalist, attempted to challenge the law on the basis that it was a constitutionally invalid law.
The issue before the Supreme Court was whether the regulation of morality alone constitutes a criminal law. In a five to four decision the Court held that the law was concerning property and civil rights under section 92(13) of the B.N.A. Act and not criminal law.
Reasons of the court
Ritchie J., writing for the majority found that the pith and substance
of the Act concerned the "regulation, supervision and control" of film, a form of private property, in the province. Consequently, the law was strictly a matter of Property and Civil Rights, a matter that was in the exclusive jurisdiction of the province. Further, Ritchie applied the definition of Criminal... Read More