tradition is the oldest of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism
(the other three being the Kagyu
). "Nyingma" literally means "ancient," and is often referred to as the "school of the ancient translations" or the "old school" because it is founded on the first translations of Buddhist scriptures from Sanskrit
, in the eighth century. The Tibetan script
and grammar was actually created for this endeavour. In modern times the Nyingma lineage has been centered in Kham
in eastern Tibet.
Early lineage and traditions
The Nyingma tradition actually comprises several distinct lineages that all trace their origins to the Indian
, who is lauded in the popular canon as the founder of Tibetan Buddhism and is still propitiated in the discipline of reciprocity that is guru yoga sadhana
, the staple of the tradition(s).
Historically, Nyingmapa are categorised into Red Sangha
and White Sangha
. Red Sangha denotes a celibate, monastic practitioner; whereas White Sangha denotes a non-celibate practitioner who abstains from vows of celibacy. At different times in ones life due to changing circumstances and proclivities, individuals historically moved between these two Sanghas. Rarely was either determination of Red or White... Read More