is a town in the district of Würzburg
, in Bavaria
. It is situated on the left bank of the River Main
, here crossed by a stone bridge, 13 miles south from Würzburg
by the railway to Munich
, and at the junction of a line to Röttingen
. Pop. 11,600. Like Oxford
, the town of Ochsenfurt is called after a ford where oxen
crossed the river.
It contained in 1911 an Evangelical and five Roman Catholic churches, among them that of St Michael, a fine Gothic edifice. There is a considerable trade in wine and agricultural products, other industries being brewing and malting.
It was one of the places in Germany that King Richard I of England
was detained in 1193 while the king was returning to England
from the Third Crusade
.Stacey, Robert C. "Walter, Hubert (d. 1205)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed November 8, 2007
The premises of the former Carthusian
monastery here, Tückelhausen Charterhouse
, secularised in 1803 and largely converted for private residential use, contain a museum of Carthusian life. The monastery, dedicated to Saints Lambert
, John the Baptist
, was founded in 1138 by Otto I
, Bishop of Bamberg
, as a double canonry of the Premonstratensians
. From 1351 it belonged to the Carthusians.
Twin towns - Sister cities
Ochsenfurt is twinned
- Die Kunstdenkmäler von Unterfranken, Bd.......