"Ode to the Motherland" () is a famous patriotic song of the People's Republic of China, written and music composed by Wang Xin () (October 1918–October 15, 2007) during the period immediately after the founding of the People's Republic of China (1949-1951). It is sometimes honoured as "the second national anthem" of the PRC.
On October 1st, 1949, when Mao Zedong declared the founding of People's Republic of China under a sea of fluttering Five-star red flags in Tiananmen Square, he said, "Chinese people have stood up (against invasion and foreign exploitation) today!". That was the most inspiring moment for millions of Chinese patriots, and remains so today. Wang Xin started writing this song in late September of 1950, shortly after he saw the sea of fluttering Five Star Red Flags at Tiananmen Square again, during the preparation period for the first National Day anniversary. The song's lyrics and its music composition were officially published on 15 September 1951 in the People's Daily.
Sometimes rendered as , meaning perish.
Note that in the updated version of this song the second-to-last stanza is completely omitted and the previous stanza is repeated, demonstrating the de-emphasis on Mao's cult of personality.