is a town
in Nishitama District
. As of August 1, 2007, the town had a population of 6712 people, which 3280 were men and 3432 were women. With an area of 225.63 km², it is the largest community in Tokyo. Mount Kumotori
, Tokyo's highest peak at 2017 m, divides Okutama from the Okuchichibu
region of the neighboring Saitama
and Yamanashi Prefectures
. Tokyo's northernmost and westernmost points lie in Okutama, as does Lake Okutama
, an important source of water for Tokyo, situated above the Ogōchi Dam in the town.
People began settling in Okutama at least during the Jomon Period
and many archaeological sites have been found with ancient pottery. During this time period, humans hunted and gathered edible plants. However, during the Yayoi Period
, humans learned the skill of growing rice, and began moving to the rather flatter lands of present day Okutama. But there is not much evidence for the moving of humans during the Yayoi Period, for 94% of the town was covered by forests and only small flat lands existed.
During the Edo Period
, the area included in present-day Okutama was divided into 16 villages. In each village, there was one being serving as the mayor, another serving as the leader of a particular group, and another serving as a representative for the farmers. Also, entering Mount Takanosu was forbidden for people of low rank during the Edo... Read More