The Old Town of Visoki
was a famous medieval
royal castle town
during the fourteenth century, located in Visoko
, Bosnia and Herzegovina
. The first mention of the town was on September 1, 1355, in the charter "in castro nosto Visoka vocatum
" written by Tvrtko I of Bosnia
while he was a young ban. During the Ottoman occupation, both the castle and the town were severely damaged.
Location and size
and town of Visoki are located at the top of 213 metre Visočica hill
. They are positioned so that the town has a brilliant view of the plains below. The entry to the castle is on the southwest side, with two lookout towers. Passing through the entry led to the early suburbs of Podvisoki
. The town was relatively small, measuring 60 meters by 25 meters, and has signs and remains of early medieval houses. The thickness of the castle town walls is about two meters.
The main function of the fortress of Visoki was to serve as a defensive outpost
. However, it is also the location where many important historic documents
of medieval Bosnia
were written and signed. The final document of importance signed there was by Tvrtko Borovinić in 1436, showing that the town was also of high importance to Bosnian royalty.