The Omaha Platform
was the party program adopted at the formative convention of the Populist Party
held in Omaha, Nebraska
on July 4, 1892.
Significance of the Omaha Platform
The platform preamble was written by Ignatius L. Donnelly
. The planks themselves represent the merger of the agrarian
concerns of the Farmers' Alliance
with the free-currency monetarism of the Greenback Party
while explicitly endorsing the goals of the largely urban Knights of Labor
. In the words of Donnelly's preamble, the convention was "ssembled on the anniversary of the birthday of the nation, and filled with the spirit of the grand general and chieftain who established our independence, we seek to restore the government of the Republic to the hands of the plain people
, with which class it originated."
The Populist, or People's, Party went on to capture 11 seats in the United States House of Representatives
, several governors and the state legislature
and North Carolina
. 1892 Presidential
nominee and former Greenbacker James B. Weaver
received over a million popular votes, and won four states (Colorado
, Kansas, Idaho
, and Nevada
) and 22 electoral votes. The Party's legislative majorities were thereafter able to elect several United States Senators
. Taken as a whole, the electoral accomplishments of the Populist Party represent the high water mark for a United States third party
after the Civil War.
In 1896, the Populists abandoned the Omaha Platform and endorsed......