The National Order of the Southern Cross
() is a Brazilian order of chivalry
founded by Emperor Pedro I
on 1 December 1822. This order was intended to commemorate the independence of Brazil
and the coronation of Pedro I.White, William.
. London: 1888, p. 173. The name derives from the geographical position of the country, under the constellation
of the Southern Cross
and also in memory of the name - Terra de Santa Cruz
- given to Brazil at the time of its discovery.
Originally known as the Imperial Order of the Southern Cross (Ordem Imperial do Cruzeiro do Sul
), the Order was erected by Emperor Pedro I on the very day of his Coronation, on 1 December 1822. Also on the same date the first knights of the order were appointed, to commemorate the crowning of the Empire's first monarch. Since the proclamation of the independence of Brazil on 7 September 1822 other honorific awards had been made, but of the Orders of chivalry shared with Portugal, Brazilian branches of which had been created upon independence; the Order of the Southern Cross, created to mark the Coronation of the Empire's founder, was thus also the first purely Brazilian Order.
It was suppressed after the proclamation of the Republic in Brazil by a provision of the Constitution of February 24, 1891 that abolished all titles of nobility and all Imperial Orders and decorations. It was later re-established by the... Read More