Organization of Iranian People's Fedaian (Majority)
The Organization of Iranian People's Fadaian (Majority) or Fedayan-e Khalq (often mistakenly called Fedayeen-e Khalq) ( Sāzmān-e fedaiyān-e khalq-e Irān (aksariat), 'Organization of self-sacrificers of the people of Iran (majority)') is the largest socialist party in Iran and advocates the overthrow of the Islamic regime in Iran. Its history can be traced back to 1904 with the formation of the social democraticHemmat group. Its secretary-general is Behrouz Khaliq and Hassan Zahtab is its foreign relations coordinator. The group is banned from open activity inside the Islamic Republic, and works clandestinely inside Iran, but has many open bases all over Europe (especially Germany) and North America.
The 19th century
With the growth of industry, and along with it the development of the capitalist mode of production in the late 19th and early 20th century, socialist ideology found its way to Iran. The social and political scene of that era can be summarised as the period of historical transformation of the Iranian society from feudalism to capitalism.
Underground political organisations were formed in major cities of Iran, to mobilise and lead the masses particularly in Tabriz, Tehran and Esfahan. Among them was a political grouping formed in 1898 by Ali Monsieur, an outstanding intellectual from Tabriz. Social democracy was first brought to the country by those Iranian workers who travelled to the Caucasus (Ghafghaz), and Russia's Asian countries, for... Read More