The constituency was historically known as Orkney and Zetland - an alternative name for Shetland.
The constituency is made up of the two island groups Orkney, and Shetland. A constituency of this name has existed continuously since 1708. However before 1918 the town of Kirkwall (the capital of Orkney) formed part of the Northern Burghs constituency.
Uniquely, the constituencies boundaries are protected by legislation, as rule 3A of the Boundary Commission rules states: "A constituency which includes the Orkney Islands or the Shetland Islands shall not include the whole or any part of a local government area other than the Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands." This rule was added in 1999 as part of the Scotland Act 1998, which established the Scottish parliament
Member of Parliament
The constituency has elected only Liberal and Liberal Democrat MPs since 1950, the longest run of any British Parliamentary Constituency. (1 October 2009) www.snptacticalvoting.com Retrieved... Read More