Otago Rugby Football Union was founded in 1881. In 2006, Otago celebrated its 125th year.
The senior representative team will play in the ITM Cup for the 2010 season, playing previously in the National Provincial Championship since 1976 and the Air New Zealand Cup since 2006. The team jersey is blue with a yellow collar. They play their home matches at Carisbrook in Dunedin, which also serves as the headquarters of the union.