Otto of Passau
was a medieval German clerical author.
All that is known of him is in the preface of his work, in which he calls himself a member of the Franciscan
Order, at one time lector
of theology at Basle
, and says that he finished his writing on 2 (1) February 1386, dedicating it to all the "friends of God", both clerical and lay, male and female, and begs for their prayers.
According to Sbaralea
(Suppl. Script. Franciscani ordinis,
Rome, 1806, 571) he was a native of Flanders
and belonged to the Franciscan ecclesiastical province
. Yet his name refers to the Bavarian
city of Passau
His book bears the German language
title (not Dutch language
, as one might expect from a Fleming) Die vierundzwanzig alten oder der guldin Tron der minnenden seelen
; The 24 elders or the golden throne of loving souls.
He introduces the twenty-four ancients of Apocalypse
, iv.4, and makes them utter sentences of wisdom by which men can obtain the golden throne in eternal life.
The sentences are taken from the Holy Scripture
, the Fathers of the Church
and from heathen authors "whom the Church does not condemn". He thus enumerates 104 "masters", among whom are also some of the mystic
, as Hugo
and Richard of St. Victor
. He generally gives accurate quotation of his sources though he also draws from some not specified, e.g., St. Elizabeth of Schönau
. He tries to remain on strictly Catholic
ground, but sometimes loses himself... Read More