P. Krishna Pillai
(പി. കൃഷ്ണപിള്ള in Malayalam
) (b. 1906 at Vaikom
; d. at Muhamma
, 19 August 1948) was a Communist revolutionary from Kerala
, Kerala's First Communist, Founder of the Communist
movement in Kerala, and poet.
P. Krishna Pillai was born in a lower middle class family of Vaikom
as the son of Narayanan Nair and Parvathiamma. He lost both his parents at an early age and had to drop out of school at the fifth grade. Leaving his home in 1920, he travelled extensively in the north of the Indian subcontinent.
When he returned home two years later, he found Kerala seething with social unrest. Subsequently, he took part in a number of popular movements. He was an active volunteer of Vaikom Satyagraha
(1924) and Salt Satyagraha
march from Kozhikode
(1930). In 1931 he became the first non Brahmin to ring the temple bell of the Guruvayoor
Krishna Pillai who began his political life as a Gandhian and a member of the Indian National Congress
in his early youth had gradually transformed into a socialist with communist leanings. And when in 1934 Congress Socialist workers formed the Congress Socialist Party
in Bombay, Krishna Pillai was appointed its secretary in Kerala, all the while functioning under the banner of the Indian National Congress.
By 1936, Krishna Pillai who until then had concentrated his political activities to the Malabar region now campaigned in the Cochin
. In 1938, he... Read More