Paeonian language

Paeonian Language

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Paeonian language

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The Paeonian language is the poorly attested language of the ancient Paeonians, whose kingdom once stretched north of Macedon into Dardania and in earlier times into southwestern Thrace.

Several Paeonian words are known from classical sources:

  • , monaipos, a wild bull
  • , a species of fish once found in
  • paprax, a species of fish once found in Lake Prasias. Paprakas, masc. acc. pl.

A number of anthroponyms (some known only from Paeonian coinage) are attested, as well as several toponyms (Bylazora, Astibos) and a few theonyms (Dryalus, Dyalus, the Paeonian Dionysus), as well as the following:

  • Pontos, affluent of the Strumica River, perhaps from *ponktos, "boggy" (cf. German feucht, "wet", Middle Irish éicne "salmon", Sanskrit pánka "mud, mire");
  • Stoboi (nowadays Gradsko), name of a city, from *stob(h) (cf. Old Prussian stabis "rock", Old Church Slavonic stoboru, "pillar", Old English stapol, "post", Ancient Greek stobos, "scolding, bad language");
  • Dóberos, other Paeonian city, from *dheub- "deep" (cf. Lithuanian dubùs, English deep);
  • Agrianes, name of a tribe, from *agro- "field" (cf. Latin ager, Greek agros).

Classical sources usually considered the Paeonians distinct from Thracians or Illyrians, comprising their own ethnicity and language. Athenaeus seems to have connected the Paeonian tongue to the Mysian language, itself barely attested. If correct, this may...
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