The Paks Nuclear Power Plant
: Paksi Atomerőmű), located from Paks
, central Hungary
, is the first and only operating nuclear power station
in Hungary. Altogether, its four reactors produce more than 40 percent of the electrical power generated in the country.
is the Soviet designation for a pressurized water reactor
. The number following VVER, in this case 440, represents the power output of the original design. The VVER-440 Model V213, was a product of the first uniform safety requirements
drawn up by the Soviet designers. This model includes added emergency core cooling and auxiliary feedwater
systems as well as upgraded accident localization systems.
Each reactor contains 42 tons of slightly enriched uranium dioxide
fuel. Fuel takes on average three years to be used (or "burned") in the reactors; after this the fuel rods are stored for five years in an adjacent cooling pond
before being removed from the site for permanent disposal.
The power plant is nearly 100% owned by state-owned power wholesaler Magyar Villamos Művek (MVM). A few shares are held by local municipalities, while a voting preference or "golden" share is held by the Hungarian government. The government is planning to partially privatize MVM but has said that due to security concerns, the Paks nuclear power generator will be kept fully state owned.
One brand-new reactor was bought from Poland
after... Read More