Palatine (Kingdom of Hungary)

Palatine (Kingdom Of Hungary)

Palatine (Kingdom of Hungary)

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Description:
The palatine (, later , , , later: , ) was the highest dignitary in the Kingdom of Hungary after the king (a kind of powerful prime minister, commander-in-chief of the army and supreme judge) from the kingdom's rise up to 1848/1918. This position corresponds to the British Lord High Steward.

Initially, he was in fact the representative of the king, later the vice-regent (viceroy). In the early centuries of the kingdom, he was appointed by the king, later elected by the Diet of the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Habsburgs solidified their hold of Hungary, the dignity became an appointed position once again. Finally, it became hereditary in a cadet (junior) branch of the Habsburg dynasty after King Francis appointed his brother Joseph.

Name

The Latin word palatinus (which is related to the word for "palace" that also gave us the name of the Palatine Hill in Rome) came to mean, approximately, imperial or royal ("of the palace"), and comes, which originally meant merely a companion or member of the household (of an important personage), eventually became a title of nobility and is often translated "count." The Hungarian word nádorispán derives from the Slavic na dvor špan meaning approximately "at-the-Court count."

History

Middle Ages

The Hungarians settled in the Carpathian Basin around 896.

Initially the palatine was the leader (administrator,...
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