The Palestinian People's Party
, in Arabic حزب الشعب الفلسطيني Hizb al-Sha'b al-Filastini
), founded in 1982 as the Palestinian Communist Party
, is a socialist political party
in the Palestinian territories
and among the Palestinian diaspora.
The original-named Palestine Communist Party
had been founded in 1919. After the foundation of the state of Israel
and the Jordanian
annexation of the West Bank
, the West Bank communists joined as the Jordanian Communist Party
, which gained considerable support among Palestinians. It established a strong position in the Palestinian trade union
movement and retained considerable popularity in the West Bank during the 1970s, but its support subsequently declined. In the Gaza strip
a separate Palestinian communist organization was established.
In February, 1982, prominent Palestinian communists held a conference and re-established the Palestinian Communist Party. The new party established relations with the Palestine Liberation Organization
, and joined the PLO in 1987. A PCP member was included in the Executive Committee of the PLO in April that year.Gresh, Alain. Review: Palestinian Communists and the Intifadah
. Middle East Report, No. 157, Israel Faces the Uprising. (Mar - Apr., 1989), pp. 34-36. Gresh argues that the inclusion of PCP into the PLO leadership indicated an increased influence of the Soviet Union
in intra-Palestinian politics. PCP was the sole PLO member not based amongst the......