) is a political
movement advocating the unity of Muslims
under one Islamic state
— often a Caliphate
. As a form of religious nationalism
, Pan-Islamism differentiates itself from other pan-nationalistic
ideologies, for example Pan-Arabism
, by excluding culture
as primary factors towards unification.
The concept of mujahideen
fighters is closely related to pan-Islamic thought. Mujahideen may come from all over the Islamic world
to assist in a conflict that they deem to be religiously important.
The model pan-Islamism aims for is the early years of Islam
— the reign of Muhammad
and the early caliphate
— when the Muslim world was thought to be strong and uncorrupted in one united state.
In the modern era, Pan-Islamism was championed by Jamal al-Din al-Afghani
who sought unity among Muslims to resist colonial occupation of Muslim lands. Although sometimes described as "liberal",such as by a contemporary English admirer, Wilfrid Scawen Blunt
, (see: Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, Secret History of the English Occupation of Egypt
(London: Unwin, 1907), p. 100.) al-Afghani did not advocate constitutional government but simply envisioned “the overthrow of individual rulers who were lax or subservient to foreigners, and their replacement by strong and patriotic... Read More