Panch phoran ( pãch phoṛon), also found transliterated as panch puran,panchphoran,Jaffrey, Madhur. Madhur Jaffrey's Ultimate Curry Bible. Ebury Press, 2003. <small>ISBN 0091874157</small>panch phutana, is a spice blend used in Bangladesh and Eastern India, especially in Bengali, Assamese and Oriya cuisine. The name literally means "five spices" in Assamese (pas phoṛôn), Bengali (pãch phoṛon) and Oriya (pãnch phutana).
Panch phoran is traditionally used with vegetables, chicken or beef curry, fish, lentils, shukto and pickle.
In the tradition of Oriya and Bengali cuisine, panch phoron is typically fried in cooking oil or ghee, which causes it to immediately begin popping. This technique is known as "tempering", called ବଘାର (baghaar) in Oriya, ফোড়ন (phoŗon) or বাগাড় (bagaŗ) in Bengali and छौंक (chaunk) in Hindi. After tempering, other ingredients are added to the fried spices to be coated in the mixture.