Pandua is located at . It has an average elevation of 19 metres (62 feet).
India census, Pandua had a population of 27,126. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Pandua has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 62%. In Pandua, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.Percentage between Hindu and Muslim is as follows 68% and 32%.
This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages.