The Benedictine Pannonhalma Archabbey
(Territorial Abbey of Pannonhalma
, ) is the most notable landmark in Pannonhalma
and one of the oldest historical monuments in Hungary
. It is located near the town, on top of a hill (282 m). Saint Martin of Tours
is believed to have been born at the foot of this hill, hence its former name, Mount of Saint Martin (), from which the monastery occasionally took the alternative name of Márton-hegyi Apátság
. This is the second largest territorial
(ie., approx. sovereign) abbey in the world, after the one in Monte Cassino
.<!--and what about Mount Athos
Its notable sights include the Basilica
with the Crypt (built in the 13th century), the Cloisters
, the monumental Library with 360,000 volumes, the Baroque Refectory
(with several examples of trompe l'oeil
) and the Archabbey Collection (the second biggest in the country).
Today there are about 50 monks living in the monastery. The abbey is supplemented by the Benedictine Secondary School
, a boys' boarding school.
It was founded as the first Hungarian Benedictine monastery in 996 by Prince Géza
, who designated this as a place for the monks to settle, and then it soon became the centre of the Benedictine order. The monastery was built in honour of Saint Martin
. Géza's son, King Stephen I
donated estates and privilege to the monastery. Astrik
(Anastasius) served as its first abbot.
The oldest surviving document to use Hungarian language
, the Charter of the Tihany
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