The Parliament of Tuvalu
(Fale i Fono
, also sometimes known as the House of Assembly
) is the unicameral
national legislature in Tuvalu
History and political culture
It was first established when Tuvalu separated from the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
, three years before it officially gained independence. The Parliament of Tuvalu is rare among national legislatures in that it is nonpartisan in nature. It does tend to have both a distinct government and distinct opposition, but members often cross the floor between the two groups, resulting in a number of mid-term changes of government in recent years.
The parliament has 15 members, each of which serve a four-year term. Each member is elected by popular vote one of eight island-based constituencies, seven of which elect two members, and one which elects only one member. Universal suffrage exists for those over eighteen years of age. The parliament is responsible for nominating the Prime Minister of Tuvalu
from among their ranks, who serves as head of the government. The Prime Minister then nominates four other members to serve in the governing Cabinet. The members of parliament also nominate a speaker of parliament, who presides over the parliament itself.
Any member of parliament may introduce legislation into parliament, but in practice, as in most partisan systems, this occurs mainly at the behest of the governing Cabinet. Legislation undergoes first, second and third readings before being presented to... Read More