Pentagon Barracks

Pentagon Barracks

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Pentagon Barracks

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The Pentagon Barracks is a complex of buildings located at State Capitol Drive at River Road in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in the grounds of the state capitol. The site has been used by the Spanish, French, British, Confederate States Army, and United States Army and was part of the short-lived Republic of West Florida. During its use as a military post the site has been visited by such notable figures as Lafayette, Robert E. Lee, George Custer, Jefferson Davis and Abraham Lincoln.

French, British and Spanish Fort

Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville visited the area circa 1700. French retained Baton Rouge until the British took control of the city in 1763.

In 1779, during the American Revolutionary War, the British erected a dirt Fort Richmond on the banks of the Mississippi River. Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish Governor of Louisiana, arrived at Baton Rouge on 20 September 1779 and found three hundred British troops garrisoning Fort Richmond. In Battle of Baton Rouge , engineers under Spanish Governor Gálvez quickly constructed a siege line, enabling the Spanish troops to shell Fort Richmond; the British surrendered the next day. The Spanish garrisoned the fortification and renamed it Fort San Carlos.

Republic of West Florida

American and remaining British settlers in Louisiana resisted Spanish control and rebelled in 1810 to establish Republic of West Florida. They raised the "Bonnie Blue......
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