People's Republic of Bulgaria

People's Republic Of Bulgaria

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People's Republic of Bulgaria

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The People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB) (, Narodna republika Balgariya (NRB)) was the official name of the Bulgarian republic from 1946 to 1990, when it was under the rule of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP). Bulgaria was an Eastern Bloc country and a Soviet ally during the Cold War, a member of the Warsaw Pact and the Comecon.

In 1989 democratic reforms were initiated after the long ruling Todor Zhivkov was removed from power. In 1990 the BCP changed its name to Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) and adopted a centre-left political ideology in place of Marxism-Leninism. Following the first free elections (won by the BSP) held in Bulgaria since 1931, the country's name was changed to Republic of Bulgaria.


Early years and Chervenkov era

Although the Kingdom of Bulgaria changed its alliance and declared war on Nazi Germany on September 7, on September 9, 1944, a coup d'├ętat, backed by Red Army troops, installed a new government led by the Communist Fatherland Front (FF).

In 1946, Georgi Dimitrov, a close friend of Joseph Stalin, became prime minister. The same year a referendum was held, on which 95% of voters declared themselves against the monarchy and supported the establishment of a republic. Almost immediately after that Bulgaria was declared a people's republic. The young tsar Simeon II fled the country with his sister and mother. Vasil Kolarov was head of state until the adoption of a new constitution in 1947.

In 1948-49, Muslim, Orthodox, Protestant, and......
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