The Indus Valley Tradition
is a term used to refer to the cultures of the Indus
rivers, stretching from the Neolithic Mehrgarh
period down to the Iron Age
or Indo-Gangetic Tradition
The Indus Valley Tradition is divided into four eras, and each era can be divided into various phases. A phase is an archaeological unit possessing traits sufficiently characteristic to distinguish it from all other units similarly conceived. Each phase can be subdivided into interaction systems.
Early Food Producing Era
The Early Food Producing Era corresponds to ca. 7000-5500 BCE. It is also called the Neolithic period. The economy of this era was based on food production, and agriculture developed in the Indus Valley. Mehrgarh
Period I belongs to this era.
The Regionalization Era corresponds to 5500-2600 BCE. The Early Harappan phase belongs to this Era. This era was very productive in arts, and new crafts were invented. The Regionalization Era includes the Balakot
and Kot Diji
The Integration Era refers to the period of the "Indus Valley Civilization
". It is a period of integration of various smaller cultures.
The Localization Era (1900-1300 BCE) is the fourth and final period of the Indus Valley Tradition. It refers to the fragmentation of the culture of the Integration Era.
The... Read More