Pesqueira is a Brazilianmunicipality in the state of Pernambuco, located at latitude<nowiki> 08º21'28 south,</nowiki> longitude<nowiki>36º41'47</nowiki>, at 654 meters above sea level. It has an estimated population in 2009http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/estimativa2009/POP2009_DOU.pdf IBGE Population 2009 Pesqueira, page 34] according to the IBGE, was 64,454. Its area is 1000.2 km².
The municipality was created in 1762 under the name Cimbres. In 1836, the seat of the local authority was transferred from the town of Cimbres to that of Poço de Pesqueira. In 1880 the village was renamed with the saint's name Águeda de Pesqueira. In 1913 the whole municipality started to be called Pesqueira, instead of Cimbres. In 1918, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pesqueira.