(February 29, 1708, - August 17, 1757) was the father of American President Thomas Jefferson
(1743–1826). A surveyor and cartographer, his Fry-Jefferson Map
of 1751 accurately depicted the Allegheny Mountains
for the first time and showed the route of "The Great Road from the Yadkin River thro Virginia to Philadelphia distant 455 Miles" — what would later come to be known as the Great Wagon Road
Jefferson was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia
, one of six children. He did not receive any formal education while young, but according to his famous son, he nevertheless "read much and improved himself."
In 1734, Jefferson claimed the land in present-day Albemarle County
which he eventually named Shadwell
. He married Jane Randolph
in 1739 (daughter of Isham Randolph
and granddaughter of William Randolph
). For a year or two following his marriage, his residence was in present-day Powhatan County
Virginia near Fine Creek. Jefferson built a house on the Shadwell tract in 1741 or 1742, and moved there sometime before Thomas Jefferson was born.
Peter Jefferson's children were: